Frequently Asked Questions

How Does Special Education Work?

Special Education is a five-step process: First, a child is referred for an Evaluation.  Second, the child is evaluated in all areas of suspected disability.  Third, once the evaluation process is completed, a team consisting of the parents, a team of clinicians, and school administrators will decide whether the child is eligible for services (Eligibility).  Fourth, if a child is eligible for special education services, the team will develop a plan for services called an Individualized Education Program (IEP).  The IEP contains a description of services the child should receive.  Fifth, the District offers a school and/or class where the student will attend (Placement).  

Speech Therapy

How do I know if my child needs Speech Therapy?

A child may be referred for evaluation and treatment if he or she exhibits one or more of the following behaviors:

Speaks with a limited vocabulary
Appears frustrated when speaking
Displays eye blinking or facial grimacing when speaking
Repeats the sound or words (stuttering)
Speaking voice is constantly hoarse or nasal sounding
Speech is unclear or difficult to understand (e.g., lisp, tongue thrust, overall slurred speech, etc.)
Or displays difficulty with the following skills:
Rhyming (phonological awareness)
Following directions
Responding to questions  
Making wants and needs known
Speaking in complete sentences or correct grammar
Expressing an idea or event (i.e., what s/he did at school that day)

Can a SLP improve the communication skills and thus, the overall quality of life for adults?

SLPs are often found working with adults, patients at the hospital, and residents at long term care facilities.

A Speech Language Pathologist can work with adults to facilitate improvement in the following areas of communication: foreign accent reduction, presentation skills, listening skills, public speaking, voice preservation, aural rehabilitation, guidelines for effective communication, telephone skills, stuttering reduction, and cross-cultural communication.

The pediatrician seems to think my 3 year old needs Speech Therapy.
Why is speech-language therapy needed at such a young age?

Perhaps s/he will just outgrow the challenges?

The earlier a child's speech and language problems are identified and treated, the less likely it is that problems will persist or get worse. Early speech and language therapy during the early years of development can help children be more successful with reading, writing, schoolwork, and building interpersonal relationships.

Do speech-language disorders affect learning and school performance?

Yes. Children who struggle with speech and language skills, frequently do not perform at their best. They may struggle with reading, have difficulty understanding and expressing language, misunderstand social cues, avoid attending school, and have difficulty with tests.
Speech and language skills are essential to academic success and learning.

Speech Therapy for Bilingual Children

We speak Spanish at home. Is it better that my child listens and learns to communicate in only one language at a time?

Research shows that children can learn to effectively communicate in more than one language at a time.
If your concern is that your child might alternate between two languages while speaking, a Bilingual Speech Therapist can help your child by clearly drawing a line between the two languages, limiting code mixing and modeling the correct vocabulary and/or sentence structure. Keep in mind that code mixing, or alternating between two languages while speaking, is completely normal and appropriate for bilinguals, at least during the early stages of development and school years.

A Bilingual Speech Therapist will can effectively help your child use words in this language, celebrate his/her cultural heritage thus instilling in him/her a sense of cultural pride. This will enrich not only the language skills, but his/her self-confidence!
Your sensitivity to your child and pride in your cultural heritage will pay off in the end!

Occupational Therapy

What do Occupational Therapists do when working with children?

Occupational Therapists who specialize in pediatrics are trained to create opportunities for children to master developmental tasks and achieve independence in their home, school, and community. Occupational therapists use a variety of intensive treatment interventions tailored to meet each individual child’s development needs.

How do I know if my child needs Occupational Therapy?

A child may be referred for evaluation and treatment if he or she exhibits one or more of the following behaviors:
• Seems clumsy
• Falls frequently
• Avoids climbing or playing ball and
• Struggles or is unable to hold a pencil and/or scissors;
• Avoids or struggles to draw and handwrite
• Finds sitting still is a challenge
• Seems over sensitive to the world
• Has difficulty playing or socializing effectively

My child does not seem to be able to use the scissors properly.
Does s/he really need OT? Can't s/he just practice?

It is important to remember that not all types of learning, particularly motor learning, can be mastered by practicing. No matter how many times children practice a wrong pattern, it won't make it right. Until they have developed the internal ability to do it correctly, they will be unable to correct the problem. Once the child has developed the underlying ability to "be taught" the skill, then it will be mastered.

How can Occupational Therapy contribute to my child’s success in school?

Occupational Therapists collaborate with teachers and the educational team to foster increased independence and self-confidence with skills such as coloring, cutting, promoting a functional pencil grasp, participation in circle time, and social interaction.

Physical Therapy

My child’s school teacher suggested I get a PT Evaluation for my child.
What is a PT Evaluation all about?

A school Principal or Teacher may refer you to a pediatric physical therapist to evaluate your child’s mobility, strength, balance, coordination, and general ability to function in his/her surroundings. Once your child is evaluated, a Physical Therapist can work closely with you and help you understand your concerns for your child. The PT will to develop goals and a treatment plan for your child to accomplish those goals.

Wait – Isn’t Physical Therapy what my aging parent receives?

Yes, Physical Therapists help individuals whose movement and function are adversely affected by aging, injury, disease, or environmental factors. Together with the help of physical therapists, these patients work toward the goals of relieving pain, as well as developing, maintaining, and restoring maximum movement and functional ability.

Certified SLP & CFY's OT PT Counseling SETTS
Monolingual & Bilingual SLPs with Certification of Clinical Competence (CCCs)

Certified Occupational Therapist , OTR
Certified Physical Therapists /PTR

Monolingual SETTS
Monolingual & Bilingual SLPs on Clinical Fellowship Year (CFYs) Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant, COTAs Physical Therapy Assisants / PTA Licensed Clinical Social
Workers / LCSW
Bilingual SETTS
Occupational Therapists Assistant, OTAs
Infinite Therapy Inc. is an Equal Opportunity Employer

Our Vision is to be known by all for consistently responding to requests for service with a sense of urgency and delivering therapy services of high quality to both children and adults in the five boroughs, no matter how remote the location for services might be or how short the mandate for them.

Our Vision reflects our passion for making a positive difference in the life of the children and adults receiving therapy services as well as in the life of the therapist who provides them.
Our Mission at Infinite Services is to make a positive difference in the life of children by addressing their Special Education needs with a sense of urgency, with quality, increasing their level of ability and with a relentless commitment to progress. We believe that every child has potential and our Mission is to bring out that potential. We are guided at all times by the values of inclusion, cultural sensitivity and genuine caring.

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